Migration is never over. There are birds moving all around the world all the time. However spring and fall migration is when a lot of birds shift to different territories.
Mid-Michigan has already said good bye to the Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, the orioles and all the other black birds. Most of the warblers and kinglets have already passed through by the end of October too.
Right now I’m watching the White-throated Sparrows making a pit stop in my yard for a few weeks before they continue further south. The first wave of Dark-eyed Juncos are passing through right now too. The Junco’s we see now are probably females and may continue on all the way to Florida. The boys are the ones that winter with us in mid-Michigan so they can be the first in the spring to zip up to the nesting territories and stake a claim.
I’m still waiting to see the White-crowned Sparrows which usually show up in my yard mid-November. Like the white-throated they don’t stick around long but they are a large sparrow with striking white racing stripes on their head. I’m also waiting for the first sighting of the Red-breasted Nuthatches which like to winter in our area.
And while they are flying south a couple of “horny” birds kick off another breeding season. In mid-December you hear the Great Horned Owl calling for a mate. They actually start to nest in January or February. The Horned Lark also performs an elaborate song-flight courtship display in the beginning of the year. Horned-larks are one of our earliest nesting birds. In some states, nests may be found in February. This can mean that the first set of eggs is often destroyed by snowstorms.
In March the black birds start to return. In April and May lots of other birds are journeying north only to see some birds going back down south again as early as June. So in Michigan we are lucky to always see something interesting in our yard whether they are our local regular birds, fly-by birds, wintering or summering birds. A good field guide can help you remember all the comings and goings of the birds or it might be fun to keep a journal.
The Journey North: Bird Migration Maps http://bit.ly/pbk4Eb
Great Horned Owl Singing at Night http://bit.ly/qKeKDM
Are Horned Larks Common in Mid-Michigan? http://bit.ly/qmAbt7
How do Birds Migrate? http://bit.ly/nNCI6d
Most common winter birds in Michigan http://bit.ly/ow20ZD
Bird only in mid-Michigan during the winter http://bit.ly/ojcyP7
What birds migrate from Michigan? http://bit.ly/qa0CVU