In the fifteenth century, when it became popular to give human names to familiar species, the bird came to be known as Robin Redbreast. Orange as a color was unknown in English until the sixteenth century, when the fruit called an Orange was introduced.
Before the English-speaking world was exposed to the fruit, the color was referred to as "yellow-red" (geoluhread in Old English). Orange as a color was used descriptively in the sixteenth century (as in orange-coloured), but was not established as a basic color word until well into the twentieth century.
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