A release dove refers to a breed of
Rock Dove (domestic pigeon).
Or sometimes the pigeon’s owner can be traced through the National Pigeon Association’s (NPA) website at www.npausa.com; it has details on identifying owners. If the bird hangs around for more than 48 hours and refuses to leave, and the owner cannot be located, call local dove release businesses for information or visit the American Racing Pigeon Union’s website.
Once released these pigeons usually have the ability to fly straight home. For one reason or another some birds take a little detour from their path. Experiments with homing pigeons are still going on today to discover how their homing ability works.
The preferred type of release doves are homing pigeons,
a member of the rock dove family, and some strains are
specifically bred for ceremonial release.
Case closed? Not quite. The latest research, published in June, suggests the beak does have a role to play after all. Researchers led by Henrik Mouritsen of the University of Oldenburg in Germany found that the beak detects the angle of the Earth’s magnetic field with the ground, which varies with latitude and may be used by birds as part of their mapping sense.
However, there is also evidence that magnetic sensing relies on chemical reactions in birds’ eyes. It seems to involve a region the brain called cluster N, which is connected to the eyes. Cluster N is also more active when birds are using their magnetic sense. One theory, advanced by Klaus Schulten of the University of Illinois and Urbana-Champaign, is that a retinal protein that is split into two magnetically sensitive molecules co-operate, even when separated, to detect variations in the magnetic field. This might allow birds to see patterns of spots that remain stationary as they turn their heads, to indicate magnetic direction.
In the end, how birds sense magnetic fields to create a natural version of the global-positioning system is still not understood fully. It is possible that all three of these mechanisms work together. But having made rapid progress in the field in recent years, scientists do finally seem to be homing in on the answer.
The Economist: How do birds navigate? http://goo.gl/aulQAl