|Photo of female Orchard Oriole on a Trumpet Vine from Wikimedia Commons|
Orchard Oriole gleans insects from leaves and also feeds on fruit and nectar in orchards and gardens. They are not as common at feeders as the Baltimore Oriole but can be seen in open woodlands along river edges, as well as along marsh edges, lakeshores, and farms.
The Orchard Oriole males are mostly black on the head, back, wings and tail. Their breast, rump and wing epaulets are a rich chestnut. Females are greenish yellow with two white wing bars and no black. And immature males look like females, but have black around the bill and throat.
Watch for them as they hop among scattered trees. Male Orchard Orioles sing a whistled, chattering song to attract females. After they arrive in late April, they build their hanging, pouchlike nests, raise one brood of babies and then head back to Central America by the end of July.
Unfortunately their population has been in decline in the central U.S.A, possibly due to loss of habitat and pesticides used in orchards.