About us: We own a wild bird feeding supply nature shop in East Lansing, Michigan,
a store that provides a wide variety of supplies to help you enjoy the birdwatching hobby.

This blog was created to answer frequently asked questions & to share nature stories and photographs.
To contribute, email me at bloubird@gmail.com.

Tuesday, October 31, 2017

Will we or won't we have siskins this year?

The cone crop was so plentiful in the fall of 2017 that most experts are predicting Pine Siskins won't migrate south to mid-Michigan in huge numbers. That doesn't mean you won't see a few especially those people in a more rural area.

The Pine Siskin, a member of the finch family, is related closely to redpolls and goldfinches. The Siskin is an irruptive species that can be common in mid-Michigan some winters and scarce in others. It’s kind of a drab brown colored bird at first glance. But their neat brown striping and yellow wing tips make them seem dapper.

As winter approaches, Pine Siskins become considerably plumper to help them survive. Each bird can pack sufficient seeds into its expandable esophagus to support itself through five hours of rest at -4 degree Fahrenheit temperatures.

Pine Siskins eat seeds of alders, birches, spruce, and other trees. They also feed on Nyjer® Thistle and other weed seeds, forbs, buds, insects, and spiders. They are attracted to salt licks and salt treated highways in the winter and sometimes drink sap at drill wells created by sapsuckers.
Most years, siskins do not stray too far from their breeding territories in the northern tier of the United States and across Canada into Alaska. The “mast” produced by northern conifers is usually plentiful, and siskins use the seeds as fuel to survive the coldest winters.
Mast is a noun of Anglo-Saxon origin (mæst) that refers to the accumulation of various kinds of seeds and nuts that serve as food for animals. The process by which trees produce mast is known as masting. The curious thing about masting is that it is not a continuous process, but rather is cyclic. Approximately every three to five years certain trees produce enormous quantities of seeds and in between the masts they will produce almost none.
So in years when mast production is more uniformly depressed, Pine Siskins irrupt southward looking for food.
When they do arrive, they mix in with flocks of goldfinches at Nyjer® (thistle) feeders, and brighten up a drab winter day with their loud and cheerful "zzziip" song. (The word "Siskin" is of Scandinavian origin and means "chirper".)

Related Articles:
- Birdwatching: Look for the Out-of-Towners http://bit.ly/q6Pkco
- Where do you place finch feeders? http://bit.ly/p4XHU4
- How do Birds Migrate? http://bit.ly/nNCI6d  
- Most common winter birds in Michigan http://bit.ly/ow20ZD
- What birds migrate from Michigan? http://bit.ly/qa0CVU

Monday, October 30, 2017

How many species of bats there are in the world and other fun bat facts

Bats are the only flying mammals. There are more than 900 species of bats that make up the Chiroptera group.

Little brown bat affected by White-nose syndrome
Why are bats classified as Chiroptera?
Chiroptera comes from the Greek words for "hand" and "wing." They are named this because their wings are actually very long hands and the skin stretches over the fingers to create wings. In many languages, the word for "bat" is cognate with the word for "mouse": for example, chauve-souris ("bald-mouse") in French, murciélago ("blind mouse") in Spanish, saguzahar ("old mouse") in Basque, летучая мышь ("flying mouse") in Russian, nahkhiir ("leather mouse") in Estonian, vlermuis (winged mouse) in Afrikaans
Black Flying-fox photo by James Niland
What is the largest bat?
The flying fox is the largest type of bat. Its wingspan is around six feet wide and its body is around one foot long. Flying foxes live in high trees in the tropical regions of Africa, Australia and Asia. Other types of bats may be found in trees, caves, abandoned buildings or caves.
How long do bats live?
Bats generally live between 10 to 20 years.

Can bats walk?
A bat's legs are usually very weak and many bats do not walk at all. Rather, they use their legs to hang from their roost. Bats have five toes on their feet, each of which has a curved claw that bats use to support themselves while hanging upside down.
Are bats blind?
The phrase "blind as a bat" is not exactly true. Bats have very well developed eyes, but use echolocation to navigate and to find prey at night. Echolocation is when the bats send out high-pitched sounds and listen to the way that the sound bounces back to them, telling them how close they are to other objects.
Bats are more than the scary creatures of the night.
Our furry, flighted friends have quite a lot of positive effects on our world. From the billions of dollars they save us in pesticides, to natural pollination and seed spreading. Learn why we need bats at: http://batconservation.org

Sunday, October 29, 2017

#NationalCatDay: #Cats at the window feeder

Roger and Button enjoy the birds on their new window seed bell feeder!

Thank you for sharing! Window feeders are a great way to have your kitties enjoy the birds safely. And if you didn't know it October 29th is National Cat Day, a day to bring awareness to the number of homeless cats. First celebrated in 2005 "to help galvanize the public to recognize the number of cats that need to be rescued each year and also to encourage cat lovers to celebrate the cat(s) in their life for the unconditional love and companionship they bestow upon us." The day is supported by the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), a nonprofit organization which also works to encourage pet adoption. 

If anyone else would like to share a photograph of nature send it to bloubird@gmail.com with a description and permission to post it on the Friday Photo.

Saturday, October 28, 2017

Watch for Juncos

When there is freezing weather juncos are sure to appear. This week I saw a huge influx of juncos flashing their distinctive white outer tail feathers. The Dark-eyed Junco is a medium-sized sparrow with dark gray plumage on its head, breast and upper parts which contrast with the white, outer tail and white belly. The female and immature juncos are less slate colored and tend to be browner than the adult male.

These small birds prefer cold climates to nest, but begin migrating south to mid-Michigan starting in September. The juncos we see all winter in the Lansing area are typically males. Studies show winter junco flocks are 80 percent male in Michigan and 72 percent female in states further south. Males risk harsh winters in the northern states in order to be the first ones back to their upper Michigan and Canadian breeding grounds to stake out a territory in the spring.

So as the weather changes we may wake up to a flock of females one day and males the next until the birds settle in for winter. Juncos migrate at night at very low altitudes in flocks up to 100 individuals. Other birds like fox and tree sparrows may accompany the juncos. Flock composition can change from day to day during migration. Juncos prefer to forage and roost in groups during the day and may depart en masse at night but do not stay together during flight.

Juncos, like many other members of the sparrow family, eat a variety of insects and seeds mainly on the ground. What seeds they prefer can differ across the country.

Sunflower seeds, millet, safflower, peanuts and peanut butter suet are some of the most popular foods that attract juncos to tray or ground bird feeders. You’ll also see the juncos scratching for grass seeds or insects in leaf litter and pine needles. 

Related Articles:
Fun Facts About Juncos http://bit.ly/pgewJn
What birds like Safflower seed? http://bit.ly/puRjIr
Sparrows Native to mid-Michigan http://bit.ly/nURO99
Do the same birds show up at the same feeders year after year? http://bit.ly/GMaOYV

Friday, October 27, 2017

Photo Share: Coons and hummers

Hi Sarah, Happy Black Cat Day to Miss Dolly!
Sharing some photo’s of a coon still living in our tree. I would like to think it's our original coony? He is so big I have no idea how he gets in and out ? We always seem to miss that!

We had a Hummer traveler come Oct 21st I believe she headed south 25th she stayed for several days. I love the picture on the cone flowers it shows you how late in the season it is;) I grow Black & Blue Salvia every year on the deck & it lasts until the first frost, a hummer favorite here!

We also saw our first male junco yesterday. Snow is coming. Use whatever you like. Hope you & Dolly have a good day!
WONDERFUL! I think raccoons are all hair. The internet says they can weigh 7-20 lbs. It must be a squishable 20 lbs that can squeeze into tight spots.

My hummers left early this year even though I still have a lot of flowers. But I have lots of white-crowned and white-throated sparrows bopping around the yard. I am sure my juncos will blow down any time.

Thank you for sharing your photos. If anyone else would like to share a photograph of nature send it to bloubird@gmail.com with a description and permission to post it on the Friday Photo.

The History of #NationalBlackCatDay

Nothing is quite as elegant as a black cat... except one in a tuxedo.
Today Black cats are a classic Halloween symbol, and objects of superstition. However in Celtic mythology, it was believed that fairies could take the form of black cats, and were seen as sign of good luck. And cats in ancient Egypt were revered highly, partly due to their ability to combat vermin such as mice, rats. Bastet, a woman depicted with the head of a black cat, was originally a lioness warrior goddess of the sun throughout most of ancient Egyptian history.

Cats Protection, an animal charity in the United Kingdom, founded National Black Cat Day to raise awareness concerning the lower rates of adoption for black cats. For too long black cats have waited in the shadows as their colorful counterparts found homes. October 27th is National Black Cat Day, a time to recognize the beautiful black cats in our lives and raise awareness of those still waiting for a loving home.

Watch Are Black Cats Unlucky? - Simon's Cat | LOGIC  https://youtu.be/WVOVKHQ0N4I
Related Articles:
My Favorite Weed: All About Catnip http://goo.gl/txqoL
The Trials of Living in a Bird Store http://goo.gl/1hzvES
Cats Indoors! http://goo.gl/B64Go
Do You Take Your Cats Home at Night? http://goo.gl/gm8mP
A window feeder is the best way to entertain indoor cats http://goo.gl/iWHHo

Thursday, October 26, 2017

What Song Sparrows eat

Song Sparrow right outside the Wild Birds Unlimited East Lansing window.
In recent decades, mild winters and the availability of bird feeders have enticed an increasing number of Song Sparrows to overwinter in mid-Michigan. They look like fluttering leaves, but make up for their less than dazzling plumage with their beautiful song. The scientific name Melodia means "melody" in Greek. Click here to hear the song.

A medium-sized sparrow, their most distinctive features are the dark feathers under the bill that look like mutton chops and the dark brown spot of feathers over their heart. They also have heavily streaked gray-brown backs, a dull white belly and a chest that is streaked with brown feathers. Their head has a brown crown with paler median stripe, a pale gray eyebrow and a white chin.

Sunflower seeds, millet, safflower, peanuts and peanut butter suet are some of the most popular foods that attract Song Sparrows to tray or ground bird feeders. You’ll also see them along with juncos scratching for grass seeds or insects in leaf litter and pine needles.  

Related Articles:
Best field guide for Michigan birds http://bit.ly/vPOMx1
How do you become a birdwatcher? http://bit.ly/rquunU
Attracting Michigan Songbirds http://goo.gl/0qggF
How do Birds Migrate? http://bit.ly/nNCI6d

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

Owl House

Screech Owls can begin looking for potential nesting sites as early as January so they will be ready to nest in March and April. This makes October the perfect time to put up a Screech-Owl box before the weather turns bad.

But these boxes aren't just for nesting. Studies also show that owls roost frequently in boxes and tree cavities on rainy or snowy days. Fall is the time there are a lot of first year owls leaving their parents and moving to new territories. Night creatures go largely unseen, so people are often surprised to learn that they might have owls as neighbors. Now is the time to prepare your yard.

The diminutive Eastern Screech-Owl is a year-round resident in mid-Michigan even though you may never see them. Most screech-owls sleep away the daylight hours snuggled safely inside a tree hollow or man-made nest box. The noise of mobbing hordes of chickadees or squawking Blue Jays can alert you to an owls presence. Or at night you can listen for their eerie "horse-whinny" and spooky trills.

Screech-Owls have a varied diet that can include small rodents, insects, worms, fish or birds. The 8-9" owls do not catch or kill anything larger than they can handle, and they are not fierce predators so they have no interest in attacking humans, dogs, or cats.

Placement of your nest box is important. The rooftop needs to be at least 10 feet above the ground on a tree that has a branch that owlets can perch on while they learn to fly. Select a more open side of the tree so the owls can swoop up to the hole without trying to fly through branches and leaves. Face the entrance in any direction except to the north where cold winter breezes are not welcome. Owls don't bring in nesting material so it is best if you line the bottom of the box with cedar shavings to cushion the eggs. And place it away from sidewalks, since the owls defend their nests vigorously against perceived threats and, some adults may swoop down to scare away people or pets who wander too close to their fledglings. 

Related Articles:
- Snowy Owls http://bit.ly/ylJmQq
- Eastern Screech Owl http://bit.ly/wMQBZj
- Great Horned Owl http://bit.ly/zmlFqY
- Barred Owl http://bit.ly/yAoDx8
- Great Gray Owl http://bit.ly/tAewYm
- Fun Facts on Owls http://bit.ly/z9q3Dg

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Where owls live

Short-eared owl
Owls can be found in all parts of the world except Antarctica. Of the roughly 10,000 species of birds around the world around 200 are owls. And North America is home to at least nineteen different species of owls.

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. Eleven species have been recorded in Michigan.

Monday, October 23, 2017

Sparrow with two brown crown stripes passes through

October normally signals an annual invasion of native sparrows in mid-Michigan as these birds migrate to their wintering grounds further south. Swamp Sparrows breed in Michigan and Canada and winter in the states below Michigan and into Mexico during the non-breeding season. They are actually named aptly, as they like to live near swamps. Their diet changes from 88 percent insects from the spring and summer to 88 percent seeds and fruit by fall and winter.

They are a medium-sized, warm colored sparrow that has a slightly duller non-breeding plumage than in summer. Winter adults usually have two brown crown stripes and much of the gray is replaced with buff coloring. The easiest way to identify this species is by the Swamp Sparrow's habit of continuously flicking its tail side to side

Other common migrating sparrows to watch for as they pass through Michigan include the white-throated sparrows, white-crowned sparrows, dark-eyed juncos, chipping sparrow, field sparrow, Savannah sparrow, fox sparrow, clay-coloredsparrow, Vesper sparrow, lark sparrow, grasshopper sparrow and Lincoln'ssparrow. Look for migrations days that follow northwest cold fronts, but never bother on days with winds anywhere out of the east.

Related Articles:
White-throated Sparrow fun facts
Sparrows Native to mid-Michigan http://bit.ly/oy9XGz
Which one of these birds is not like the others? http://bit.ly/qM1LQt
What birds winter in Michigan? http://bit.ly/rqQgU2

Sunday, October 22, 2017

A better feeder for cardinals

Do cardinal pairs stay together throughout the winter? Also my cardinal is having trouble perching on my tube feeder. Is there a better feeder for cardinals?

All cardinals join flocks during non-breeding season. These flocks are temporary groups with a composition that changes continuously. About 60% of adult cardinals survive from one year to the next, which means 40% of adult cardinals die each year. Some of this mortality occurs during the breeding season, but most deaths occur during the winter.

A female cardinal may separate herself from a flock if her mate from the previous season is killed. The surviving cardinal takes this opportunity to evaluate other individuals as potential mates.

By February, pairs are formed in earnest, territories are established and flocks begin to disband. A well stocked feeding station and a bath along with the proper shrubs for food and shelter will ensure you an up close look into the life of a cardinal year round.

You may be able to add a perching tray to tube feeders that have perches that are too small. Wild Birds Unlimited tube feeders all have optional trays that can be added. I use a Decorative Seed Cylinder feeder with a Safflower Cylinder to attract the cardinals. Safflower is very attractive to Northern Cardinals and House Finches but not some of the other bossier birds.

Source: Wild Bird Guides-Northern Cardinal by Gary Ritchison

Related Articles:
Northern Cardinal Fun Facts http://bit.ly/twE6NV
How the Northern Cardinal bird was named http://bit.ly/tSKZYs
Cardinal Bird Feeders Made in the USA: http://bit.ly/qXJPFM
How to Attract Cardinals: http://bit.ly/pjh7mO
What can I feed the cardinals to make them redder? http://bit.ly/rAArXw
What are the different types of cardinal birds? http://goo.gl/CUI43

Saturday, October 21, 2017

Feeder suggestion to attract Pileated Woodpecker

I'm looking for a good feeder to feed the pileated woodpecker at my house up north. Can you make some suggestions?

Now is a great time to start feeding woodpeckers and Pileated Woodpeckers are known to frequent feeders near a large woods. So your area sound perfect.

These are Michgan's largest woodpecker at sixteen and a half inches in length and a wingspan up to 30 inches. Their pointed tail feathers are especially strong and rigid. The tail bone, lower vertebrae and the tail’s supporting muscles are also large in comparison to other birds. These modifications allow a woodpecker’s tail to serve as a prop that supports their weight as they climb and cling to trees.

So to attract Pileated Woodpeckers I would recommend the WBU Double Tail Prop Suet Feeder. The paddle simulates a tree trunk and offers birds a place to prop their tail while they feed. Even the Pileated Woodpecker's huge frame will fit on our feeder. It is made out of Recycled Plastic so it won't rot, crack, fade and it is also is easy to fill and clean. They hold two suet cakes at a time and yes we do sell suet too. I like peanut butter suet or hot pepper suet if you have a problem with critters.

Tail Prop suet feeders also attract a wide variety of other birds like chickadees, nuthatches, titmice and other woodpeckers.

Related Articles:
- What’s the best suet for Michigan wild birds? http://bit.ly/tcKasp
- Michigan made suet feeders: http://bit.ly/rbKskX
- How many woodpeckers are in Michigan? http://bit.ly/tJ7e6S
- Fun Facts about Woodpeckers http://bit.ly/tQ5lwt
- How do I Attract Woodpeckers? http://bit.ly/o4CLqI

Friday, October 20, 2017

Photo Share: Red-winged Blackbird hanging around

I came in this morning to the Wild Birds Unlimited store, still dark, to the calls of a Red-winged Blackbird. The call was familiar but took me a few moments to recognize it because red-wings are usually gone from mid-Michigan by October. 

While not common, Red-winged Blackbirds have been known to make appearances here during the fall and winter. Blackbirds usually leave Michigan soon after nesting season is over but they don't have to. Most fly to the southern and central states in huge male or female flocks, where they are abundant especially on farms.

Warmer temperatures and a greater supply of food and water could be some reasons a few Red-winged Blackbirds are still around. The cold doesn't bother them as long as they can find enough food. Perhaps it is another result of climate change.

Young males also stick around sometimes so they will be the first ones back to claim a nesting territory in late Feb or early March. You can view the normal Range Map at: http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Red-winged_Blackbird/id

Related articles:
- Fun Facts on Red-winged Blackbirds: http://bit.ly/q05Bos
- All about the Red-Winged Blackbird: http://bit.ly/qAeiyj
- Red-winged Blackbird info http://bit.ly/yQPs61
- Blackbird Battle http://bit.ly/xFsHIN
- Red-winged blackbirds attack hawk http://bit.ly/yaudwu

Thursday, October 19, 2017

6 common misconceptions about wild birds

1. All birds fly south in the winter - In general, it's estimated that of the over 200 species of birds nesting in Michigan, about 90 percent migrate to some extent. Whether it’s from the U.P. to mid-Michigan or from our state to Mexico or Central America depends on the bird. Some permanent or non-migrating backyard birds are Northern Cardinals, Tufted Titmice, Downy Woodpeckers, Black-Capped Chickadees, White Breasted Nuthatches, and House Sparrows.
2. Don’t start feeding birds until it snows - Birds have a varied diet and the best way to help them develop brighter plumage is to create a habitat with lots food high in fat in protein in the fall. Young birds like chickadees and titmice find new territories to hook up with other young birds at the end of summer and join local adults to form winter flocks. If you are feeding a good birdseed blend now, you will attract lots of birds that will remain in the same general area for the rest of their adult lives.
3. I can use last year’s seed this year - In warm weather or if you store your seed inside buy no more than 2-3 weeks supply of seed at a time. And never pour old seed on top on new. During the winter, foods will generally be fine for at least 3 months if stored properly in a cool, dry place.
4. Birds will eat any seed - Food is essential to provide birds with the energy, stamina and nutrition to endure the elements. Our Wild Birds Unlimited store in East Lansing, MI are dedicated to offering fresh, top-quality seed that is also sifted to take out all the sticks and field debris. Our no-waste bird seed blends are made from 100% edible seed and have been exclusively formulated for the feeding preferences of our local birds. No cereal fillers—just fresh, high-quality seed your birds will love. We also carry a wide variety of other bird foods—Seed Blends, suets, seed cylinders, mealworms and more. We do not include cheap filler grains like oats, wheat and milo that decrease the price per pound of a mix but aren't eaten by the birds in Michigan.
5. Heated bird baths are like hot tubs for birds - If your area freezes like mid-Michigan, you can provide a heated birdbath for your birds. This isn’t like a hot tub. The bath just remains free of ice and open to the birds. Most people understand the importance of water for drinking but many do not realize just how important it is in bathing for birds. Because feathers are critical for flight and insulation, birds keep them well-maintained. A good part of a bird's day is spent just cleaning and grooming its feathers by bathing, scratching, and preening.
6. Bird houses are only used in the spring - At night or during bad weather birds often find shelter in tree cavities, birdhouses, or under the eaves of houses. Bird houses left up all winter also might attract young birds scouting out future nesting sites.

Related Articles:
What birds like peanuts? http://bit.ly/zispJK
What seeds do wild birds eat? http://bit.ly/wKyQNB
How can birds survive this cold weather? http://bit.ly/xbkaPP
Why pay more for seed at Wild Birds Unlimited? http://bit.ly/xJZMFe
How to have more colorful birds at your feeder http://bit.ly/qizlNh

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Birds plan ahead for rainy days

Chickadees, nuthatches, some woodpeckers, jays, and crows all plan ahead for those rainy and snowy days. These birds not only eat lunch at our feeders, they also take doggie bags away.

Extra seeds and nuts will be secreted away in the crevices of tree bark, in knotholes, or in the ground for them to retrieve and eat at a later time. They hide hundreds of seeds all over their territory, in a behavior known as scatter-hoarding to help them survive if food sources become scarce.

Each seed is placed in a different location and neurobiologists have discovered that the part of the bird brain that processes spatial information increases in fall to help them remember where they hid each yummy morsel and shrinks in the spring.

Not only can they accurately remember the location of each seed they hoard a month later, they also remember the quality of items they initially stored, making more of an effort to retrieve the best food.

Recent research has shown that a consistent and reliable source of food helps birds to
build body fat reserves, reduces their physiological stress and helps to maintain a healthy body condition. By providing easily accessible, quality food, you can help your birds with their caching needs in the fall so they will stick around your yard all winter. Below is a little more detail on some of your favorite birds' caching behaviors.
  • Cache seeds (in the shell and out), nuts, insects and other invertebrate prey
  • Food is typically cached about 100 feet from feeders
  • May carry off several seeds at a time, but each item is stored in a separate location
  • Store food in knotholes, bark, under shingles, in the ground and on the underside of small branches
  • Prefer to cache hulled sunflower seeds, because they are easier and faster to cache; occasionally mealworms
  • Food is typically cached about 45 feet from feeders
  • Store food in bark crevices on large tree trunks and on the underside of branches
  • Cache sunflower, peanuts and safflower one seed at a time
  • Food is typically cached about 130 feet from feeders
  • 80% of the time seeds are removed from their shell before hidden in tree trunks
  • Cache acorns, peanuts in the shell, and sunflower seeds
  • They can carry several nuts at one time in their esophagus.
  • A single blue jay can cache or hide as many as 5,000 acorns up to 2.5 miles from their original source and retrieve them when needed.
  • Jays cache nuts by burying them singly in the ground in their territory.
Related articles:
- Birds Move Trees http://bit.ly/oPqFgG
- Screech Owls cache uneaten prey items in cavities http://bit.ly/pJ7jCP
- Red-Bellied Woodpecker stores its food in the barks of trees http://bit.ly/nqYS7j
- Mine! All Mine: Why Squirrels Hoard http://bit.ly/qFANnl
- Michigan’s Top 20 Winter Backyard Birds http://bit.ly/qq5xu1
- What birds migrate from Michigan? http://bit.ly/ngkPX3

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Regional Differences of Northern Flickers

Image red-shafted via Wikipedia

Image of yellow-shafted via Wikipedia
From AllAboutBirds.org
North America has two easily distinguished races of Northern Flickers: the yellow-shafted form of the East, which occurs into Texas and the Great Plains, and the red-shafted form of the West.

The key difference is the color of the flight-feather shafts, which are either a lemon yellow or a rosy red. Yellow-shafted forms (the ones we have in Michigan) have tan faces and gray crowns, and a red crescent on the nape. Males have a black mustache stripe. Red-shafted forms have a gray face, brown crown, and no nape crescent, with males showing a red mustache stripe. Hybrids look intermediate and are common at the edges of these two groups’ ranges.

Related Articles:
- Northern Flicker Roosts Alone in the winter http://bit.ly/zouUF6
- Northern Flicker Stops by for a Surprise Visit http://bit.ly/Aouqjf
- Fun Facts about Woodpeckers http://bit.ly/yGoOUc
- Why Flickers Flick Seeds from Feeders? http://bit.ly/Ar0Rin
- How many woodpeckers are in Michigan? http://bit.ly/x5PGT1